THE 2025 PLAN PROPOSED BY ENERGIES FOR AFRICA
A FUND OF SUPPORT TO THE ELECTRIFICATION IN AFRICA
The plan must be the one of African countries affirming - independently from existing development aids - that electrifying Africa represents an absolute priority.
All we can measure improves. We can account for the progress made, establish the steps, and set clear goals. This political will must be directed to African States and be affirmed to the rest of the world. It translates into an organization dedicated to this matter and founded and directed by African States themselves.
This organization will be exclusively dedicated to electrifying Africa with a unique account and a consensual governance decided by African leaders. It will be at the disposal of every African State to assist one in launching its own accelerated electrification plan. It will be the repository of international public fundings vital to this plan. Identified international public fundings will be required to be traceable.
THE PUBLIC AND ADMINISTRATIVE ENGINEERING
This Fund of Support to the Electrification in Africa (FSEA) will provide every State the necessary administrative and public engineering to resolve all the specific problems of each country. Founded and directed by 54 African State leaders, it will hold the political capacity to negotiate the international - and mostly European - public fundings. The Fund will pool together the resources and will diffuse all technological improvements and their reliability.
International public fundings must be automatic, long-lasting, additional and non-conditional.
Without this unanimous and firm stand on the part of African leaders and without a decision to create a dedicated tool, multilateralism, scattering and confusion between the different types of programs will continue. Without such organization, the operational implementation of an international public funding will be failing. The proof relies in the failure of the December 2009 Copenhagen Fast Start, advocating for a 10-billion-dollar per year international funding for an overall amount of 100 billion dollars by the year 2020.
A recent reunion in Berlin did mention that 6 years later a Green Fund of 9.5 billion dollars will be implemented, but it was never effective. The main reason lies in the lack of an African-driven tool with a clearly identified operational object. We should apprehend that the next meetings in Paris or elsewhere will also translate into new declarations with very high numbers but with no fulfillment considering the absence if an organization gathering all fundings.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM
The organization will establish under a year a vital program of repairs regarding production equipments, distribution, and existing interconnections allowing - with under 2 billion dollars in public funding - to improve production by 40% on the continent.
The FSEA (Fund of Support to the Electrification in Africa) will study the implementation of a guarantee register throughout the continent in order to allow the equalization and the potential reimbursement on the basis of a better return on investment of public funding.
Will also be establish an effective technologies data bank and a platform gathering benchmarking, sharing experiences, and collecting best practices but also successes and failures.
The offer of a dedicated African organization remains an hypothesis. Others can exist. But one thing is certain: a unique tool to electrify Africa must be decided by Africa and driven by Africa,considering its operational actions implemented afterwards will be handled by the States or regions.
To electrify their country, African leaders must have at their disposal additional, long-lasting, automatic and non-conditional guarantees, naturally completed with private funding.
It is the unescapable basis of any electrification program. For lack of which the negotiations to finance the adaptation and the fulfillment of the climate plan will remain theoretical.
It is time to act; Energies for Africa calls for all expertise and all good will to make the electrification of Africa its priority.
As the Marshall Plan mainly contributed to developing Europe without indenturing it to American interests, the Electricity Plan- 2025 Goal will implement a partnership in everyone's economic and political common interest.